Pepper plants in the area of East Luwu Regency have existed since the Kedatuan Luwu era, first planted by Muhamma’ in the 1930s on the East Coast of Lake Towuti, according to Mr. Akib, a pepper community leader in Towuti who is currently around 73 years old. Muhamma’ is a trader of mixed Bugis and Toraja blood. During the Dutch era, farmers were ordered to plant a minimum of 3 trees/family of pepper in their respective yards. Furthermore, the pepper harvest is traded using a tablespoon measure.
After the Independence of the Republic of Indonesia, in the 1950s DI / TII founder Abdul Kahar Muzakkar appealed to the public to plant at least 25 pepper trees/family. According to him, “Someday a ship will come to pick up the pepper harvest in Tanah Luwu”. Since then, pepper has been planted in the garden. Some of the successful farmers in the 1950s included: Ambe ‘Bada’, Ne ‘Maraung, Sakka, Itte’, H. Arfa Mustafa, Syamsunusi, Ambo ‘Isa, Biuddin and others. Until the 1960s Ambe ‘. Bada ‘was able to weigh 1 ton of white pepper per harvest and Itte’ was able to send 800 cuttings of pepper to meet the needs of the pepper development program in Southeast Sulawesi.
In the range of the 1970s, the pepper plants died simultaneously due to disease attacks. It is suspected that the attacking disease is Pangkal Batang Rot, and the activity has stopped. The community has switched to cocoa and food crops.
After the pepper plants died out simultaneously, in the 1980s, pepper cultivation was resumed by Ambe ‘Mahasia, Baco’ murica, Akib, Daharing, Ambe ‘Rimba, and several other farmers, they tried to develop pepper on new open land with the physical conditions of the soil. different from the land where the previous pepper was cultivated. This activity gave good results.
Seeing the success of pepper farmers in the newly cleared land, in 1992 H. Bahar Indar as the Head of Loeha Village ordered his community to plant 500 pepper trees per household. He even threatened that “if there are people who do not plant pepper, they will be punished in 2000”. In the same decade, Drs. C Mustafa, as the Head of Tokalimbo Village, also urged the community to plant pepper. Furthermore, in 2006, Arifin Biuddin as the Head of Bantilang Village launched a mandatory planting of 500 pepper trees per family for Bantilang Village residents using community empowerment funds from PT. INCO Tbk.
In the era of the 2000s, the pepper plant grew rapidly along with the application of pepper cultivation technology. In terms of fertilization, people began to use manure from chicken manure. The marrutung technique, namely the technique of winding down the location of fruit-producing branches to maximize the use of climbing poles by immersing parts of the stems that do not produce branches into the ground to form roots, pepper farmers intensively do to increase production. This marruttung technique was first practiced by Baharuddin in the 1960s and was further encouraged by Sinrang DG. M. Ghazwan and Sadaruddin. In addition to the above techniques, current pepper farmers have also implemented a standard GAP for pepper plants.
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