EAST LUWU PEPPER
East Luwu Pepper cultivation of Malonan 1, local pepper plant variety, in South Sulawesi Indonesia began in the 1930s, more precisely in the east coast of Lake Towuti by the Luwu Raya society. Since then, East Luwu Pepper has grown extensively and has been traded internationally – hence the GI protection is given to the name of the geographical origin. East Luwu regency recorded a total production of 4,324 Tons in a year with total of 5,872 Ha of pepper cultivated area. From the 11 Sub-Districts in East Luwu Regency, Towuti has the most extensive pepper cultivated area with 3,968 Ha in which produces an estimate of 3,223 tons per year.
Local pepper farmers in the East Luwu Regency have been using Maruttung, a technique in propagation and germinating of East Luwu Pepper. Maruttung is the treatment of pepper plants so that the tajar is full of fruit branches / stems, which aims to optimize the production which is done by immersing the pepper stems that do not release branches into the ground. The taste profile of East Luwu Pepper is due to the natural environment, soil and climate where the peppers are cultivated and processed.
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